Janice Doreen Dickinson (born February 15, 1955) is an American model, fashion photographer, actress, author and agent. She has described herself as the first supermodel One of the most successful models throughout the 1970s and 1980s, she expanded her profession to reality television in 2003 by judging for four cycles on America's Next Top Model. She subsequently opened her own modeling agency in 2005, which was documented as The Janice Dickinson Modeling Agency.
ModelingIn the early 1970s, Dickinson moved to New York City to pursue work as a model after winning a national competition called "Miss High Fashion Model." At a time when blue-eyed blondes dominated the fashion scene, Dickinson was turned down several times by modeling agents, including Eileen Ford, who informed Dickinson she was "much too ethnic. You'll never work." She was discovered by the Fashion Photographer Jacques Silberstein when his girlfriend, Lorraine Bracco, mentioned she liked Dickinson's look.Wilhelmina Her modeling pursuits led her to Paris, where her "exotic looks" secured her reputation within the European fashion industry. became Dickinson's first agent.
She returned to New York in 1978, and spent the next several years working steadily, earning $2,000 per day, nearly four times the standard rate.Dickinson eventually signed with Ford Models to land a major ad campaign for a new JVC camera. Dickinson, who had not forgotten Ford's initial rejection, was intent on revenge. She soon became one of twenty Ford models to defect to John Casablancas' upstart Elite Model Management.
By the 1980s, Dickinson was considered a supermodel, as she "possessed the kind of name and face recognition" that the majority of women in the modeling industry strive to achieve. She appeared within and on covers of magazines such as Harper’s Bazaar, Vogue and Playboy, and worked with some of fashion's best-known names, including Giorgio Armani, Gianni Versace, Valentino, Azzedine Alaïa, Pino Lancetti, Halston, and Calvin Klein. Dickinson has appeared on the cover of Vogue (both American and international editions) 37 times.She appeared on the cover of Elle seven times in a row and has been the face of ad campaigns for products like Revlon cosmetics, Alberto VO5, Obao, and Orbit Gum.
Dickinson looked for ways to sustain her relevance within the fashion industry as she aged, becoming a fashion photographer. In 2008, Dickinson launched her own jewelry line on HSN.
Dickinson is the self-proclaimed "world's first supermodel". In E! Network's E! True Hollywood Story, she described how she coined the term "supermodel" in 1979. Her manager, concerned that at the peak of her modeling career she was doing too much work, told her, "You are not Superman." Dickinson replied, "I am not Superman, I am a supermodel." Dickinson's claims for coining the term "supermodel" and being the first one to represent the title are disputed. The term "supermodel" was already known in the 1940s. The writer Judith Cass used the term in 1942 for her article in the Chicago Tribune, which headlined "Super Models are Signed for Fashion Show".Later in 1943, Clyde Matthew Dessner used the term in his modeling book.The term was popular throughout the 1960s to 1970s. The New York Times on March 21, 1967 and the Salisbury Daily Times on May 19, 1967 referred to Twiggy as a supermodel. In 1968, an article in Glamour described Twiggy, Cheryl Tiegs, Wilhelmina, Veruschka, Jean Shrimpton and fifteen other top models as "supermodels".The July 8, 1970 issue of The Gazette described Penelope Tree as a supermodel.The April 23, 1971 issue of The Hour headlined one of their articles "Supermodels Reveal Their Beauty Secrets", including an advertisement with the caption "Supermodel Cheryl Tiegs". The article also says, "The fashion/beauty world is dotted with Supermodels" and "Cybill Shepherd a Supermodel who may turn into a Superstar." Jean Shrimpton was also described as a supermodel by Time in 1971,as were Margaux Hemingway by Vogue on September 1, 1975,Beverly Johnson by Jet in 1977, and Naomi Sims in the 1978 book Total Beauty Catalog by K.T. Maclay.Lisa Fonssagrives and Dorian Leigh, whose careers began before Dickinson was born, have been retroactively recognized as the 20th Century's first supermodels.Gia Carangi has also been called the first supermodel as well as Jean Shrimpton.
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